Wed

02

Dec

2015

Rights, Camera, Action: Sunshine Cinema | Palika Makam

Wise telling viewers what to do, neighborhood members and also stakeholders tend to be in a new place to exchange information straight with one another, teaming as significantly as locate immediate remedies to problems.

Sunshine Cinema's objective can be simple: "We're not really trying to become these Pan-African idealists," Smith said.

Lloyd Maanyina can be a charcoal burner via Livingston, Zambia - "home in the mighty Victoria Falls." The Actual dirt from the difficult day's work jammed beneath his fingernails, Maanyina counts his money as he tells a new story regarding guilt and reconciliation. to end up being capable of share them people who may well not have that exact same access is indeed important.

Sunshine Cinema additionally creates as well as screens films (its own, and those involving other African filmmakers) telling the actual stories of innovators as well as adjust agents similar to Maanyina, and marketing sustainable innovations.

But how will his story have an impact in his community - the actual very community he hopes to be able to enrich - when access to Web is actually scarce and additionally the nation can be facing a power crisis?

This question led photographer Sydelle Willow Smith, filmmaker Rowan Pybus (whose company - Makhulu Productions - produced your film) and innovative design specialist Janine Johnston to generate Sunshine Cinema.

"Instead associated with getting African stories from your continent and also showing these phones a new Western audience, we wished to produce a thing that didn't just use a one-way flow involving information,' Smith said. "But a excellent deal of that content material never will get noticed in neighborhood theaters, firstly simply because there may not be considered a cinema there along with secondly because nearly all of the media that's demonstrated here tends being reruns via American series or even flashy Blockbuster films."

"At the conclusion in the day, we are crazy about cinema," your woman said in the Sunshine Cinema team. Yet rather as compared to the colonial-era Mr. Since Maanyina has become increasingly aware of his as well as the girl own impact about the environment, he is proud to have opened any micro nursery that sells trees for the community, providing again a minimum of some of what he will take from the earth.

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But for Sydelle, generating the actual film is just the first step. "We are generally media junkies; we watch a large amount of films and possess use of them.

"There tend to be therefore many extraordinary films which have been produced by African filmmakers through almost all more than your continent," Smith said. Wise, involving course, adapts in order to colonial ways, while Mr. "There is this dominant narrative regarding mobile phones getting solution to all associated with Africa's problems within regards to the so-called digital divide, nevertheless for people accessing online areas by means of mobile phones, information expenses nonetheless remain extremely high."

For Smith, Sunshine Cinema's potential to turn into a platform for broader interaction and engagement is exactly what draws your ex for the work.

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This is specifically important in communities exactly where there may not really be access to analysis resources such as Google. Foolish - Mr. "So as getting a white South African, I feel similar to I possess a duty to complete a lot more research prior to I tell any sort of story, also to consider deeply about what role I'm likely to play. "It will get available on the Internet and over the digital divide, and the individuals who are able to watch it watch it, however the local social actors along with stakeholders don't necessarily find for you to unless they have access.

Sunshine Cinema is a mobile, solar-powered cinema and also platform with a mission to speak about knowledge and also abilities amongst African communities by means of film screenings, skill building workshops and discussions.



Deforestation due to charcoal production can become a expanding environmental difficulty in Zambia, exactly where nearly most of the people relies on charcoal regarding fuel.

"I am South African throughout terms of my passport - my grandparents were born here - but I'm additionally a settler," Smith said. We don't just want to show information-based content; we wish to exhibit content material that will provokes dialogue and also dialogue and find out these stories accustomed to generate neighborhood networks."

The award winning short documentary, Amazing Grace, has had Maanyina's story into a global audience. Foolish clings for you to his African traditions.

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"It's something anyone experience once you spend time inside places exactly where folks don't have access to cost-effective World wide web as well as computers," the lady said. used as becoming a instrument to support colonial power, films proven through mobile cinemas had been used to "civilize" African people, sometimes portraying all of them because the caricatures associated with Mr.

Born as well as raised within South Africa, Smith was introduced to photography in a younger age simply by the woman's father, a darkroom technician. "We desired to try to address problematic problems that individuals had encountered around distribution, and aid democratize the particular flow of knowledge by using art outside of the gallery walls and also directly into diverse communities."

Producing as well as screening instructional videos in subjects which range from how to make the solar cooker from cardboard and also empty chip packets, to be able to the means to create a chair out of tires, wire and rope, Sunshine Cinema deploys practical suggestions and local knowledge to handle social and environmental issues. I consider there's an entitled attitude perpetuated that needs to become addressed through a lot more dialogue and listening around the part of those whose experiences are steeped inside privilege."

While the believed of bringing media directly into nearby communities is actually absolutely nothing new, Smith explains that they as well as the team initially felt there wasn't any room for the exchange of information.

Applying in which same thoughtfulness to their work on Sunshine Cinema, the expanding team of media makers as well as designers function with neighborhood partners to show films along with proper subtitles (South Africa has 11 official languages), accompanied by community-facilitated discussions concerning the content material these people show. Sensible as well as Mr. "We truly just wish to showcase what's taking place here as well as http://www.keezmovies1.com/keezmovies/509 celebrate it."

All pictures given by Sunshine Cinema

. The Girl expertise inside a diverse schooling environment, sharing a classroom using young black photographers from diverse backgrounds at a moment when South Africa had been divided economically and racially, assisted inform the girl artistic consciousness. to me, that is actually not creating your intended dialogue the film will be supposed to."

In South Africa and elsewhere about the continent, mobile cinemas get had a dark history. Along With any steady way for you to obtain power no matter the state of energy in the national power grid, Sunshine Cinema is actually in a situation to screen content material uninterrupted.

Smith, intent upon not really "coming across as a bunch involving saviors in the post-apartheid generation," hopes that the problematic historical use involving mobile cinemas can still be one of the conditions that Sunshine Cinema can address. "It's just about all well and also great to make the film in which exhibits individuals in the tough as well as inspiring situation," Smith said

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Mon

30

Mar

2015

Fame for North Korean defectors brings money, suspicion

SEOUL (Reuters) - Kang Myung-do, then son-in-law of North Korea's premier, made a spectacular claim about Pyongyang's nuclear capability when he defected to the South over two decades ago, asserting the secretive country had built five atomic bombs.

His testimony at a news conference in 1994 came 12 years before North Korea conducted its first nuclear test and, like many allegations about the country, was never proven. Asked last week about its veracity, Kang told Reuters he was sharing the information he had at the time.

Now 56, Kang appears on a news show on one of four different South Korean TV stations every day, earning 100,000 won ($90) each time, a beneficiary of the proliferation of TV channels and lectures that has created a small class of celebrity North Korean defectors - as well as the temptation to embellish.



"I think broadcasters that are sometimes being pushy on people is one of the problems," said Kang, who earns a further 500,000 won appearing on a weekly entertainment talk show with fellow defectors. "There are too many people on TV titled 'Kim Il Sung's doctor', which I don't think is true," he said, referring to North Korea's founder.





Testimony from North Korean defectors has come under renewed scrutiny since one of the most high-profile among them, Shin Dong-hyuk, recanted parts of his harrowing story, made famous in the book "Escape from Camp 14" by former Washington Post correspondent Blaine Harden.

Many among the 27,000 defectors from the North in South Korea worry that embellishing stories compromises the credibility of the community and undermines human rights advocacy efforts.

Kim Young-soon, a survivor of North Korea's Yodok prison, the notorious Camp 15, said entertainment-focused shows on TV sometimes lack empathy for defectors. Some defectors embellish, exaggerate or trade their stories for money, she and other defectors said. Many demand to be paid for news interviews.



"I don't blame these TV shows because they are telling people about North Korea and providing critical insight. But I hate it when they make North Korea look like a place where only weird animals live," Kim said.

Most North Korean memoirs and testimonies cannot be independently verified given the country's isolation. Instead, stories are compared for consistency.

A lack of opportunity for defectors, many of them marginalized in South Korea, can make selling stories to TV an attractive sideline, although most members of the community keep a low profile, often to avoid creating problems for family members still in the North.

Defectors earn two-thirds the South Korean average but work longer and are three times more likely to be in temporary jobs, according to South Korea's Unification Ministry.

Shin splits the royalties on "Escape from Camp 14" evenly with Harden. He told Reuters that he had not had the courage to tell the entire truth about his experiences earlier because his memories of torture by prison guards and other confessions were too painful. Shin, who has given testimony to the United Nations, said until two years ago he had little money and is now supported by his wife and contributions from individuals.

LOVE AND DANGER

Five South Korean TV channels were launched in 2011, creating openings for dozens of ex-North Koreans to share stories ranging from death-defying escapes to news on the ruling Kim dynasty.

There is also entertainment. "Love Unification: Southern Man, Northern Woman," features fictional marriages between South Korean male celebrities and real North Korean defectors. The title plays on a Korean proverb that the South is home to handsome men and the North to beautiful women.

Ahn Chan-il, a North Korean military official who defected to the South in 1979, says he has three regular segments on different news shows, earning between 150,000 and 500,000 won each time, and also comments when there is news on North Korea.

Ahn, who said most of his family died in the Yodok prison camp, refuses requests to appear on entertainment shows.

"You can be a crook or be asked to lie. I have seen so many people lying and making mistakes on camera ... People only care about spicy stories," he said, using English for "spicy".

VERIFICATION LOOPHOLE

When he defected in 1994, Kang worked for a trading firm selling cars from Japan to China to raise funds for North Korean founder Kim Il Sung's office. He fled to the South while on a business trip in China, leaving his family behind.

Now married for the second time, Kang seems at home in front of the camera, where he speaks on issues ranging from leader Kim Jong Un's square-cut hairstyle to his own colorful story.

He acknowledges that there is a verification loophole when it comes to defectors' stories from the North.

"I have seen many people fired after their inconsistent stories. Look at Shin Dong-hyuk. It is embarrassing," said Kang.

(Additional reporting by Sohee Kim; Editing by Tony Munroe and Raju Gopalakrishnan)



http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/03/us-northkorea-defectors-idUSKBN0LY2DF20150303

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Thu

05

Mar

2015

Cream Substitutes

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Mon

16

Feb

2015

Tips On How You Can care For Oily Skin

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Mon

02

Feb

2015

Tips For Normal Skin Issues

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